架空“历史电影”C.S.A.: The Confederate States of
America架空“历史电影”C.S.A.: The Confederate States of
America2004年美国的架空“历史电影”C.S.A.: The Confederate States of
Leigh-< The streetcar named desire>
架空“历史电影”C.S.A.: The Confederate States of America
civilization gone with the wind
2004年美国的架空“历史电影”C.S.A.: The Confederate States of
The Civil War started because of uncompromising differences between the
free and slave states over the power of the national government to
prohibit slavery in the territories that had not yet become states. When
Abraham Lincoln won election in 1860 as the first Republican president
on a platform pledging to keep slavery out of the territories, seven
slave states in the deep South seceded and formed a new nation, the
Confederate States of America. The incoming Lincoln administration and
most of the Northern people refused to recognize the legitimacy of
secession. They feared that it would discredit democracy and create a
fatal precedent that would eventually fragment the no-longer United
States into several small, squabbling countries.
Q. What happened to the dead?
Typically, soldiers were buried where they fell on the battlefield.
Others were buried near the hospitals where they died. At most
battlefields the dead were exhumed and moved to National or Confederate
cemeteries, but because there were so many bodies, and because of the
time and effort it took to disinter them, there are undoubtedly
thousands if not tens of thousands of Civil War soldiers in unknown
Q. How advanced was medicine during the Civil War?
Two thirds of those killed in the Civil War died of disease. Germ theory
had not been widely accepted in the medical world at the time of the
Civil War and modern antiseptics, which could have greatly reduced the
spread of bacteria and the outbreak of disease, did not exist. As George
Worthington Adams famously wrote, “The Civil War was fought in the very
last years of the medical middle ages.” Chloroform, ether and whiskey
were the main anesthetics. Still, many survived their wounds and had
only the dedicated doctors and nurses and their selfless efforts to
thank. Medicine is an ever-evolving science. Unfortunately for those who
fought in the Civil War, the technology of warfare had surpassed the
technology of health care.
Q. How much were soldiers paid?
A white Union private madethirteen dollars a month; his black
counterpart made seven dollars until Congress rectified the discrepancy
in 1864. A Confederate private ostensibly made eleven dollars a month,
but often went long stretches with no pay at all.
Q. What role did African-Americans play in the war effort?
With the issuance of theEmancipation Proclamationin September 1862,
African-Americans – both free and runaway slaves – came forward to
volunteer for the Union cause in substantial numbers. Beginning in
October, approximately 180,000 African-Americans, comprising 163 units,
served in the U.S. Army, and 18,000 in the Navy. That month, the 1st
Kansas Colored Volunteers repulsed a Confederate attack at Island Mound,
Missouri. Men of theU.S.C.T.(United States Colored Troops) units went on
to distinguish themselves on battlefields east and west – atPort Hudson,
Louisiana;Honey Springs, Oklahoma;Fort Wagner, South Carolina;New Market
Heights, Virginia. African Americans constituted 10% of the entire Union
Army by the end of the war, and nearly 40,000 died over the course of
I’ll never be hungry again!